The Greek language in ancient and modern times - Greek translations at the translation agency Fasttranslator
Historical background of the Greek language
The field of linguistics assumes that Greek was influenced by another, unknown Indo-European language that was very similar to the Illyrian language, but is no longer in existence. In about 800 BC, the Greeks adopted the Phoenician writing system and modified it by introducing vowel signs. After Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans, who was tolerant of the Greek language, the first Greek newspaper was written and it became the language of the church. In the years 1829-1830, "Katharevousa" was the official language, which was based on classic Attic Greek. After problems with educational policy, the vernacular Demotic Greek became the final language of the federal government as well as in science.
The Greek language was spoken from 800 BC to 600 BC in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Ancient Greek is divided into four dialects: Ionic, Aeolic, Doric and Attic, the last of which has prevailed particularly in literary works and was used by Plato. This ancient Greek dialect is taught in schools and, along with Latin, is considered to be an important language in education: many universities require having passed the “Graecum” for some subject areas.
The Greek script
Before the now common Greek script was implemented, there was the Linear B script in Mycenaean Greek. After the fall of the Mycenaean civilization, this script was never recorded again. In the Hellenistic period, accents and symbols for aspirated consonants were introduced into the language of the Greeks, which were then abolished, however, at the end of the twentieth century. The accents were replaced with a character that designates the stressed syllable. The Latin and Cyrillic alphabets were only able to arise on the basis of the Greek alphabet. Even the New Testament was originally written in the Greek language and script.
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