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Nepali belongs to the Indo-European language family and is spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, the Indian State of Sikkim, Darjeeling, and in Tibet by a cumulative seventeen million people. It is assumed that the actual number of Nepali speakers is much higher, because Nepali has been a well-established and common language for centuries in the Central and the Eastern Himalayas.
Nepal: a mixture of dialects
Although it is the language of a small minority, Nepali boasts official and national language status in Nepal. However, only slightly more than half of Nepal’s population can speak and understand Nepali. The rest speak Newari, Hindi, or one of 20 regional dialects. Other language communities, such as Hindi in India, use their own script called Devanagari to write Nepali. If you have a text you would like translated from Nepali into one of our 150 languages or vice versa, then give us a call or send us an email. We look forward to hearing from you!
The structure of the Nepalese language
The earliest beginnings of this new Indo-Aryan vernacular which belongs to the Indo-European language family actually date back to the very early Middle Ages. Nepali sentence structure is relatively simple in that it always follows the subject-object-verb (SOV) pattern. Even questions maintain this sentence structure, because the conversation partner should always be able to answer with “yes” and/or “no”. There are four different polite forms in Nepali. Three of these forms are commonly used in everyday life. Verb conjugations change depending upon which polite form is in use. The three most common polite forms in Nepali are of high grade, middle grade, and low grade. The high grade of politeness is used whenever you are speaking to persons of a higher social status. You use the middle grade to speak with friends or people who are situated in a lower social class. The low form is of an insulting nature, i.e., it has a negative connotation. This form is only used with people of a significantly lower social class than the speaker. Using this form of courtesy to address a conversation partner implies a highly intimate and close relationship between him and the speaker. In Nepali, this low grade polite form is used when speaking to children and animals. Aside from these, there still remains an extremely high polite form as well as a special form of address that contains a title. The last two polite forms discussed are hardly ever used together in everyday language. In order to accurately translate a text into or from Nepali, a translator must be aware of special cultural aspects like these. That's why we employ exclusively native speaking translators who have been raised with the language. They also possess core competencies in various subject areas enabling us to provide perfect translations of medical, technological, and even legal texts. See what we can do and contact our experienced project managers by phone or by email.
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